This format of play allows for six total players on the court at a time, designating “front row” and “back row” positions on the court differentiated by a 3m line (10 ft). All players rotate in a clockwise order through the six positions on the court. The order in which players rotate is called “serving order.”.
In general, teams must have at least 6 players to start the match, and at least 6 eligible players (substitution players, or “subs”) to play the match. There are 6 players on court for each team during the match. In FIVB rules, a team may have up to 14 players in total.
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The six volleyball court positions are setter, middle blocker, outside hitter, opposite hitter, libero and serving specialist. To start, flip a coin to determine which team serves the ball first. Then the two teams will rally—or hit the ball back and forth over the net—until a fault occurs.
The Court - Volleyball Game Rules. Court dimensions are 18 meters by 9 meters (60 ft. by 30 ft.). It is recommended that the area above the court be at least 7 meters (23 ft.) high. Boundary Lines. The boundary lines form a rectangular shape around the court. The endlines are the short boundary
Under volleyball’s rules, when in expulsion, player is out for rest of the game. Any disqualification leads to the player going out of the area from where game is being played. While the match is on, the group of officials involved are: first referee, second referee, scorekeeper, and line judges.
For FIVB World and Official competitions, the free zone is a minimum of 5m (16’) and a maximum of 6m (20’) from the end lines/side lines. The free playing space shall measure a minimum of 12.5m (41’) in height from the playing surface. Boundary lines mark the perimeter of the court.
Stepping over the base line when serving the ball. Ball hits the net and fails to get over the net (If the ball hits the net and still goes over the net then this is perfectly legal). Players are not allowed to carry, palm or run with the ball. Players must not touch the net with any part of the body.
Players have rotational positions (position 5, position 2 etc.) on the court from which they are allowed to move to their playing positions (opposite, middle hitter etc.) after the serve when appropriate. Volleyball positions on the court can also be called zones. Position 4 being called zone 4 etc.